Sunday, November 28, 2010

The Properties Of Space

How can empty space contain anything? Space is not empty. It contains a vacuum. The vacuum has properties that can be measured.

The properties of space are physical constants. The familiar ones are light speed c, gravity G, Planck’s constant h, electrostatic constant ε, and magnetic constant μ.

From the science of optics and the physics of quantum mechanics space is described as a field of small oscillators sometimes called the Zero Point. Oscillators store energy in a dynamic way by converting it from one form to another and back again. One of the great unanswered questions in science is about how much energy is stored in the vacuum.

Scientists are deeply divided with extreme opinions. Either the vacuum energy Is very small or very great. If the physical laws emerge from the vacuum, then it is reasonable to suspect that the energy is very great. If the energy in space was small then we should be able to over power it and change the laws of nature. Max Planck and Paul Dirac thought the vacuum energy is very large. It can be estimated from Planck units, but with assumptions that look like numerology, and answers that look like infinity.

The new theory of Vacuum Partition gives a way to replace the assumptions with a partition function, to get a more reliable estimate. The answer is an energy field in space that is very large, but not infinite.

Physical Laws In Distant Places

Astronomers looked deep into space to discover the laws of nature far away and long ago. They concluded that the laws of nature are nearly the same almost everywhere. That was about 35 years ago. Since then science has been struggling to explain how it can happen.

How can the physical laws be the same in distant places separated by nothing but empty space? It leads to conclusions that all of the physical laws are contained in the vacuum of space, because the vacuum is the only thing that goes everywhere. All of the physical laws emerge from the vacuum.

With so many things to keep track of, the vacuum can be thought of as a data base that is partitioned. Each type of physical law is assigned storage locations and resources to use in operations.

This path leads to the new theory of Vacuum Partition.